Law firms are legal businesses. Senior partners run law firms and may employ legal assistants, paralegals, and other lawyers. Law firms establish a legal specialization. This specialization determines the nature of the cases the firm handles and who they accept as clients. Clients must hire attorneys familiar with their branch of law because they’re familiar with relevant case law that can be used to build their legal cases.

Legal specializations include family, personal injury, environmental, constitutional, and criminal law. Lawyers choose a legal specialization while earning their law degree and take courses that prepare them to handle cases in their specialization area. When you have a legal matter, you may feel overwhelmed and not know which type of lawyer you need. Let’s look at some law firm specializations and how the attorneys who work in those fields help their clients.

1. Human rights attorneys address multiple issues.


Human rights laws protect people from human rights violations. Human rights are intended to ensure every person’s treated fairly and enjoys the same rights as others. Actions that infringe on a person’s human rights can cross over with other legal fields. For example, if an employer learns someone’s a member of the LGBTQ+ community and fires them because of it, they’ve violated labor law and the employee’s human rights.

Human rights attorneys like Malliha Wilson represent clients who’ve had their human rights violated. Wilson also deals with labor law, enabling her to advise clients when violations affect their human rights and labor laws. Whether a company refuses to hire someone because of their gender or an employer mistreats someone because of their sexual orientation, human rights attorneys can explain the victims’ rights and help them take appropriate legal action. In addition to people facing discrimination due to their gender or sexual orientation, human rights attorneys may also work with refugees.

2. Health care lawyers work with professionals in the medical field and health care organizations.


Health care’s a complex field. Individual health care providers, such as nurses and doctors, must comply with applicable health care laws. Health care organizations include hospitals, nursing homes, and medical clinics. These organizations must also adhere to health care laws and regulations. Health care professionals or organizations can be sued or face discipline if they fail to comply with health care laws.

Health care professionals and organizations can turn to the Fensterman Law Firm for legal representation. A paramedic or doctor may hire an attorney to defend them if they’re accused of medical malpractice. Health care lawyers may question witnesses and review medical documents to prepare their client’s defense. In some cases, health care attorneys negotiate a settlement with the injured party. In other cases, health care lawyers may defend a medical professional who risks losing their medical license due to allegations of neglect or misconduct. Health care attorneys also represent organizations facing lawsuits or licensing issues.

3. Business lawyers work for business owners and large corporations.


There are multiple reasons why businesses need legal services. A new business owner may hire an attorney to help them establish legal business practices, ensuring they comply with relevant regulations and acquire the licenses they need to operate. Business owners may consult business lawyers about labor laws and how to uphold those laws in the workplace. They may also need legal counsel when deciding whether to terminate an employee.

Business attorneys also provide other legal services for small businesses and corporations. They may review legal contracts and negotiate contract terms before their employer enters a business relationship with a supplier or distributor. These attorneys may also prepare contracts and other legal documents as part of their duties.

Any individual can face discrimination because of their gender or sexual orientation. Human rights attorneys protect the rights of all people. Medical professionals may hire health care attorneys to help them navigate lawsuits and other legal matters. Business lawyers work for small business owners and corporations, ensuring companies comply with applicable regulations and laws.